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Pelvic organ prolapse: treatments

You don’t have to grin and bear it when pain impedes your day. You don’t have to live with the symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse. 

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There are many doctors who specialize in pelvic floor disorders, including pelvic organ prolapse (POP). You can search by city, state, or ZIP code to find the right one for you. 

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What are the treatments for pelvic organ prolapse?

Pelvic organ prolapse can be treated in several ways, depending on the exact nature and severity of your condition. You may have surgical and non-surgical options that can help you get back to feeling like yourself again.

Surgical options for pelvic organ prolapse

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Synthetic or biologic graft

A piece of biologic or synthetic mesh is placed over the weakened connective tissue and sutured to correct the prolapsed area1

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Sacrocolpopexy / sacrohysteropexy

An open, laparoscopic or robotic surgical approach is used to attach a graft between the vaginal apex and the tailbone to correct the prolapse2

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Native tissue repair

The patient’s own tissue is used and sutured to an existing pelvic structure in order to correct the prolapse3

Non-surgical options for pelvic organ prolapse

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Vaginal pessary

A ring-like device designed to relieve symptoms when in place by holding up the vaginal walls4

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Pelvic floor exercises

Physical therapy and pelvic floor exercises, such as Kegel exercises, designed to increase strength and maintain elasticity in the pelvic muscles3,5

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Still have questions?

Read frequently asked questions about pelvic organ prolapse.

Patient stories

"I really was embarrassed and I didn’t want to live like this."

Find out how Debra learned she had pelvic organ prolapse and how treatment improved her life.

Results from case studies are not necessarily predictive of results in other cases. Results in other cases may vary.

Boston Scientific is committed to bringing more hope, more health, and more life to women around the world. Learn about Boston Scientific's commitment to women's health

  1. Vaginal Prolapse Repair Surgery using Mesh/Biological Graft. AUGS. Available at Accessed October 25, 2023. 
  2. Sacrocolpopexy. International Urogynecological Association – Your Pelvic Floor. Available at Accessed October 25, 2023. 
  3. Surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse. ACOG. Available at October 25, 2023.
  4. Pessaries. Voices for PFD. Accessed October 25, 2023. 
  5. Physical Therapy. Voices for PFD. Accessed on October 25, 2023. 

Potential risks associated with Boston Scientific Mid-Urethral Sling Products:

The following adverse events and known risks have been reported due to suburethral (beneath the urethra) mesh sling placement, any of which may be ongoing, but are not limited to: Abscess (swollen area within the body tissue, containing a buildup of pus), Allergic reaction to the implant, Apareunia (inability to perform sexual intercourse), Bleeding from the vagina, Hematoma formation (bruising), Complete failure of the procedure/failure to resolve a patient’s stress urinary incontinence, Dehiscence of vaginal incision (opening of the incision after surgery), De novo detrusor instability (involuntary contraction of the bladder wall leading to an urge to urinate), Dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse), Edema and erythema at the surgical site (swelling and redness), Fistula formation (a hole/passage that develops through the wall of the organs) that may be acute or chronic, Foreign body reaction (body’s response to the implant) that may be acute or chronic, Infection, Inflammation that may be acute or chronic (redness, heat, pain or swelling at the surgical site as a result of the surgery), Irritation (redness or pain) at surgical site, Leg weakness (muscle weakness), Mesh contracture (mesh shrinkage), Erosion into the following organs: urethra, bladder, or other surrounding tissues and exposure/extrusion into the vagina (when the mesh goes through the vagina into other organs or surrounding tissue), Pain or discomfort to the patient’s partner during intercourse, Pain/Ongoing Pain/Severe/Chronic Pain in the pelvis, vagina, groin/thigh, and suprapubic area that may be acute or chronic (pain or ongoing pain just above the pubic bone, pelvis, vagina, groin/thigh area that may be severe and could last for a long time), Pain with intercourse that may not resolve, Perforation or laceration of vessels, nerves, bladder, urethra or bowel (a hole in or damage to these or other tissues that may happen during placement), Scarring, scar contracture (tightening of the scar), Stone formation (as a result of mesh erosion/exposure/extrusion in the urethra or bladder where the mesh is exposed to urine, mineral deposits may form along the mesh, also known as stones), Tissue contracture (tightening of the tissue), Voiding dysfunction: incontinence, temporary or permanent lower urinary tract obstruction, difficulty urinating, pain with urination, overactive bladder, and retention (involuntary leakage of urine or reduced or complete inability to empty the bladder from the mesh being implanted too tightly beneath the urethra). The following additional adverse events have been reported for the Solyx SIS System: Dysuria (painful/difficult urination), Hematuria (blood in the urine). The occurrence of these events may require surgical intervention and possible removal of the entire mesh. In some instances, these events may be permanent after surgery or other treatments. Removal of mesh or correction of mesh-related complications may involve multiple surgeries. Complete removal of mesh may not be possible and additional surgeries may not always fully correct the complications.

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